Kinsuk Roy

The term inclusion is used as an umbrella term that express an ideology, where inclusion safeguards opportunities for all irrespective of their needs and disabilities, and creating an environment that promotes a sense of belonging. Furthermore, it is an approach that embraces diversity and advocates equal opportunities for all.


Can you give us specific examples?

It is really important to have an inclusive learning environment in an educational setting to provide best possible opportunities for the learners. These four key points explains how this could be achieved:
1. Staff must anticipate, value and support diversity and learner differences by being welcoming, caring and respectful as safe learning environments create a sense of belonging for all learners and their families.
2. Establishing a culture of high expectations is absolutely necessary as an accessible and meaningful curriculum ensures relevant learning experiences where with appropriate supports, all learner can be successful.
3. By using available data and interacting with learners, learners’ strengths and needs could be understand that will underpin the practice of the staff.
4. Identifying and reducing barriers to learning provides the opportunity to be successful learners and to participate in the whole school community.


What is the difference between inclusion and differentiation?

Differentiation and Inclusion are connected very closely to each other. However a differentiated learning experience is created by staying focused on a specific pupil or a learning need in mind  (CA Tomlinson (2012)) whereas inclusion is all encompassing and focuses on all pupils in the classroom.